使类可转换为ndarray

2022-01-19 00:09:47 发布

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除了子类化(例如从list)之外,如何使python对象隐式地转换为ndarray?你知道吗

示例:

import numpy
arg=[0,1,2]
numpy.dot(arg,arg) # OK, arg is converted to ndarray

#Looks somewhat array like, albeit without support for slices
class A(object):
    def __init__(self, x=0,y=1,z=2):
        (self.x,self.y,self.z)=(x,y,z)
    def __getitem__(self, idx):
        if idx==0:
            return self.x
        elif idx==1:
            return self.y
        elif idx==2:
            return self.z
        else:
            raise IndexError()
    def __setitem__(self, idx, val):
        if idx==0:
            self.x=val
        elif idx==1:
            self.y=val
        elif idx==2:
            self.z=val
        else:
            raise IndexError()
    def __iter__(self):
        for v in (self.x,self.y,self.z):
            yield v
     # Is there a set of functions I can add here to allow
     # numpy to convert instances of A into ndarrays?
arg=A()
numpy.dot(arg,arg) # does not work

错误:

>>> scipy.dot(a,a) # I use scipy by default
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
TypeError                                 Traceback (most recent call last)
/home/dave/tmp/<ipython-input-9-f73d996ba2b6> in <module>()
----> 1 scipy.dot(a,a)

TypeError: unsupported operand type(s) for *: 'A' and 'A'

它正在调用array(arg),但是会产生一个类似[arg,]的数组,它是shape==(),所以dot尝试将A实例相乘。你知道吗

ndarray的转换需要复制数据,这是可以的(事实上是预期的)。你知道吗